The PM(Project Management) and PgMO (Program Management Office) are forPJM, those individuals able to reach the project objectives while remaining inside the perimeter formed by the classic ties determined by the context of the customer; usually the cost, time and purpose managed in a coordinated way.
For PM it intends in fact, the whole activity turned to the analysis, to the design, planning and realization of the objectives of a project, managing this last, in all its characteristics and evolutionary phases, in compliance with precise constraints (times, costs, resources, purposes, quality).
For PgMO it intends instead, the coordinated management of a portfoglio of projects to reach a whole objectives from the PgMO which uses him, with the aid of his own tools, to have a simultaneous vision of the projects in progress.
The PLM & PDM
The objective of PLM(Product Lifecycle Management) is to optimize (shorter time, lower costs, higher quality, lower risk) the development, launch, modification and withdrawal of products or services from the market. The PLM is based on the shared access to a common source from which to draw data, information and related processes to the product. Thanks to PLM, PJM is able to approach the management of information, processes and resources in support of the product life cycle and services, from their conception, development and launch, to retire.
The PDM(Product Data Management) is an IT tool that our Team uses to collect the informations realtive to a product. The PDM is in fact a software for the collection and organization of files in the various phases of conception, design and production. The PDM is correlated to the products of creation document such as CAD (Computer Aided Design) for as concern he technical documentation and application of front office for manulas or textual documentation related to the life cycle of the same product.
The new contexts market, more and more exigent and characterized by increasing competition, have made it essential for companies who wish to create or maintain a competitive advantage, the need to obtain more reliable products containing costs. It is increasingly necessary to review and correct any design process, introducing methodologies able to judge the reliability of a product already from the earliest stages of its conception: the set of these new methods and these new activities that aim at development of an intrinsically reliable product, secure, with limited probability of failure and redeced intervention times constitute the RAMS Analysis.
The RAMS represents a set structured and integrated of methodologies and techniques to evaluate and manage four different product features:
Reliability, represents the ability of an object to fulfill the functions required in the conditions and established times
Availability, that is the ability to quickly restore the proper functioning following a malfunction
Maintainability, is the product's ability to function correctly at the time in which he is requested
Safety, integrates the previous three elements taking into consideration the safety rules that will have to satisfy the product from the earliest phases of design.
The Value Analysis
The Value Analysis is the union of varioustechniques to solve the problem of the optimization of profits through a multidisciplinary and systemic approach and thanks to a group of experts we get the cost savings planned in the original plan for the same performance, eliminating unnecessary costs. These techniques that as tools are integrated in the methodology of the Value Analysis are:
Job of interdisciplinary group: development of a group of in harmony and motivated job, busy to a common objective;
Systematic approach: subdivision of the system for a study sub-systemic, choosing those that promise best results;
Functional analysis: identification of the primary function that must be satisfied, and we analyze the relationship performance/cost;
Brainstorming: search of greatest number of possible ideas for improvement;
Reduction of the costs: analysis and reduction of the costs with functional approach.
The Value Analysis must be used in particular on those problems that most of the others have direct influence on project success. So it is very important to define in detail the program of the interventions to be carried out, mix the good sense and coordinate all of the knowledge and experiences of the resources involved, in order to enhance business potential and optimize profit.